Julian Omidi looks at findings that suggest the United States if encountering increasing negative effects associated with child poverty.
A new report published by the Educational Testing Service has found that the U.S. is facing worsening economic, social and educational standards – with more than one in five children living in poverty. In fact, according to Bruce Baker, a Rutgers University Graduate School of Education professor, the achievement gap between impoverished and non-impoverished individuals is twice as large as that between the color of skin, such as black and white.
“… tracked differences in the cognitive performances of students in every age group show substantial differences by income or poverty status,” he added. According to the study Bruce Baker co-authored, “ETS Reports Warns of Child Poverty and its Consequences,” the difference between impoverished and non-impoverished individuals undoubtedly contribute to the widening gap between those that attend and graduate college and those that do not. This no doubt leads to limited economic standards and impairs social mobility, which only serves to further increase the difference in standards between the rich and poor.
If nothing is done soon then impoverished individuals will continue to be victims of social and economic stratification. “Poverty and Education: Finding the Way Forward,” a report on poverty in the U.S. estimates that the U.S. stands to lose $500 billion a year in lost or reduced tax revenue, lower income and other long-term effects. In a list detailing the poverty rate between the thirty-five richest countries, the U.S. ranks second.
According to the study, most children that are poor come from a single-parent family, are more likely to be food insecure, and are more likely to be exposed to lead and tobacco. Plus, the educational opportunities for impoverished individuals are dwindling. This stresses the country’s need for excellent teachers that are able to engage students, in addition to high-quality pre-school programs and equitable public school funding.
By Julian Omidi